Alopecia areata affects people of all ages, but it is more common in children. Children below 5 years of age are emotionally affected by this disease very rarely or at all and hence it is easier to deal with alopecia in children. But as they grow up, it becomes difficult for them to accept this disease and it affects their confidence.
In this article hayah-eg.com, we will give you full information about Alopecia Areata Treatment Medicine so let’s start reading.
What is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease (a disease that affects one’s own immune system), characterized by patchy hair fall – the hair fall out in the form of patches from the scalp, leading to bald spots. It is rare in children under 18 months of age. While the disease can occur at any age, its earliest signs are seen in late childhood.
Millions of people worldwide suffer from this autoimmune disease.
In this disease, the child’s immune system attacks the growing hair follicles. Due to this, the hair follicles shrink, which slows down the growth of hair, and hair does not grow from the hair follicle for months or even years.
Alopecia areata does not mean that the baby is unwell. It does not show any painful symptoms. Hair falling in small patches is a hallmark of this or the child may be completely bald. His body hair may also fall out, but this is rare. In most cases, most of your baby’s hair regrows.
childhood Alopecia Areata Treatment
Although alopecia areata is very common, most people still do not know what it actually is.
1. 5 years old and under
Children who are 5 years old or younger don’t care about how they look. Even if they look different from other kids their age, they don’t care.
During this time, children do not experience any emotional impact, but they may also find their hair loss an interesting phenomenon. Since other children of this age also do not pay attention to these things, in such a situation, this disease does not cause any major problem.
2. 6 to 12 years old
After the age of 6, they begin to recognize the difference between themselves and other children of their age. They start interacting with people and become aware of their physical beauty. By the time they are 12, they are aware of the condition and begin to understand that the disease can cause people to treat them differently.
Now it makes a difference to them. Older children find it difficult to accept that they have alopecia areata. They may lack confidence and this can affect their daily routine as well. Hair fall can also become a cause of conflict between them and their friends or classmates. Babies who have been battling the disease since they were a baby can also be worried and may want to fit in with children who do not have alopecia areata.
Alopecia Areata reason
Alopecia areata occurs when your child’s immune system fails to function properly. The immune system attacks the hair follicles, causing hair loss. The hair follicles become weak and drop the hair. However, it should be remembered that in most cases this damage is not permanent.
If your toddler is struggling with alopecia areata, you should not be worried. In most cases, childhood alopecia is cured and hair grows back. There is no definite pattern here and different symptoms can be seen in each patient. If your toddler is experiencing hair loss, it is advisable to consult a pediatrician for a complete check-up.
The doctor will be able to diagnose alopecia areata by looking at the symptoms and doing some tests. Some additional tests may also be needed to see if the immune system has affected other parts of the child’s body.
Alopecia areata is not contagious and children with the disease can freely mingle with other children without any fear.
Alopecia Areata Symptoms
Here are some of the symptoms through which you can recognize alopecia areata:
- Hair loss in small, circular patches from the scalp of the baby
- bald spots that can lead to complete baldness
- baby body hair fall
diagnosis of alopecia
If you suspect that your child may have alopecia areata, it is important that you take him to the doctor. The doctor will examine the scalp and look for patterns of hair loss to identify alopecia. They can pull out some hairs and examine them under a microscope. They may also take a sample of the skin on your baby’s scalp. To know if your child is suffering from hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, the doctor may also do some blood tests, as these can also cause hair loss in children.
Treatment of alopecia areata in children
Where there is no cure for the disease, doctors may prescribe corticosteroids, which help promote hair growth.
One of the best ways to treat alopecia areata in toddlers is to introduce them to a nutritious diet. Hair fall due to alopecia can also be due to nutritional deficiencies.
What are the effects of Alopecia?
There is no pain associated with hair loss due to alopecia. There is no risk to the life of the child.
How to take care of a child with Alopecia?
Making a child with alopecia feel confident and optimistic is a difficult task. Consider seeking help from a professional counselor, who can help you build a positive image. Tell your child to confide in you and ask her to tell you everything that frustrates her. Don’t hesitate to talk to the teachers or even to the principal if needed, if the kids in school tease him.
Alopecia is neither contagious nor life-threatening. It does not have any painful symptoms that cause discomfort to the body. It has only one symptom and that is hair loss. As children grow up, this can have an emotional impact on them. Parents can’t stop other people from laughing, but their support to a child gives positivity that helps him handle the emotional stress associated with it.